Open Category - Low Risk - Civil Drones | EASA (2024)

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The ‘open’ categoryis the main reference for the majority of leisure drone activities and low-risk commercial activities.
As a drone operator, remember to check if you need to register yourself. See the registration FAQ.

The ‘open’ category is in turn subdivided in three sub-categories – A1, A2, A3 -- which may be summarised as follows:

  • A1: fly over people but not over assemblies of people
  • A2: fly close to people
  • A3: fly far from people

Each subcategory comes with its own set of requirements. Therefore, in the ‘open’ category, it is important to identify the subcategory of operation your activities will fall under, to determine which rules apply to you, and the type of training the remote pilot needs to undertake. See the FaQ ‘Which training I need to fly my drone in the open category’

Start by identifying the type of drone you own.

Table for ‘Open’ category applicable since 1 January 2024

Open Category - Low Risk - Civil Drones | EASA (1)


Drones with a class identification label (i.e. Open Category - Low Risk - Civil Drones | EASA (2) ,Open Category - Low Risk - Civil Drones | EASA (3), Open Category - Low Risk - Civil Drones | EASA (4), Open Category - Low Risk - Civil Drones | EASA (5), Open Category - Low Risk - Civil Drones | EASA (6), Open Category - Low Risk - Civil Drones | EASA (7),Open Category - Low Risk - Civil Drones | EASA (8)) are already available on the market. Please see the list below of drones that received the class identification label. If you want to purchase a drone with class identification, please check that the drone shows on its body the class identification and make sure that the drone has an EU Declaration of Conformity. Several versions of the same drone may be available, with and without class mark. You can find additional information on drones with a class identification label in theDrones Information Notices webpage.

CLASSDESIGNED BYTYPE CATEGORYMODELCOMMERCIAL NAMELOW SPEED MODENOISE LEVEL (db)
C0DJIMulti-rotor

MT2SD

MT2SDCE

DJI Mini 2 SEN/AN/A
C0DJIMulti-rotorMT4MFVDDJI Mini 4 Pro Fly More ComboN/AN/A
C1DJIMulti-rotorEB3WBCDJI AIR 3N/A81
C1DJIMulti-rotor

L2AA

L2PA

L2C

DJI MAVIC 3 V2.0

DJI MAVIC 3 Cine V2.0

DJI MAVIC 3 Classic

N/A83
C2DJIMulti-rotor

M30 RTK EU

M30T RTK EU

M30 EU

M30T EU

Yes90
C2DJIMulti-rotor

M3E-EU

M3T-EU

M3M-EU

DJI MAVIC 3E EU

DJI MAVIC3T EU

DJI MAVIC 3MEU

Yes82
C2AgEagleFixed-wing

SENSEFLY EBEE X

SENSEFLY EBEE GEO

SENSEFLY EBEE AG

SENSEFLY EBEE TAC PUBLIC SAFETY

SenseflyeBeeNoN/A
C3Quantum-SystemsGmbHFixed-wingR10Trinity F90+N/AN/A
C3DJIMulti-rotorM350 RTKMatrice 350 RTKN/A97
C3WingtraFixed-wingWingtraone Gen IIWingtraOneN/AN/A
C5ObjectifdroneMulti-rotorCHRONOSChronosN/A109
C5ObjectifdroneMulti-rotorCHRONOSMINI+Chronos Mini+N/A104
C5AeroboticMulti-rotorAgry XAgry XN/A83
C5AeroboticMulti-rotorSpray - LSpray - LN/A78
C5AeroboticMulti-rotorSpray - SSpray - SN/A82
C5DronaviaMulti-rotorKronos AD Mavic 3E
Kronos AD Mavic 3T
Kronos AD Mavic 3M
Kronos AD Mavic 3E
Kronos AD Mavic 3T
Kronos AD Mavic 3M
N/A82
C5DJI + Kit by DronaviaMulti-rotorM350 RTKMatrice 350 RTKN/A97
C5DJI + Kit by FlyingeyeMulti-rotorM350 RTKMatrice 350 RTKN/A97
C5FlyingeyeMulti-rotor

Mavic 3E Flysafe C5

Mavic 3TFlysafe C5

Mavic 3MFlysafe C5

Mavic 3E Flysafe C5

Mavic 3TFlysafe C5

Mavic 3MFlysafe C5

N/A82
C6AeroboticMulti-rotorAgry XAgry XN/A83
C6AeroboticMulti-rotorSpray - LSpray - LN/A78
C6AeroboticMulti-rotorSpray - SSpray - SN/A82
C6DelairFixed-wing

UX11-AG-C6

UX11-IR-C6

UX11-RGB- C6

UX11-AG-LE

UX11-IR-LE

UX11-RGB-LE

Delair UX 11 Caméra AG

Delair UX 11 Caméra IR

Delair UX 11 Caméra RGB

Delair UX 11 Longue Elongation Caméra AG

DelairUX 11 Longue Elongation Caméra IR

Delair UX 11 Longue Elongation Caméra RGB

N/AN/A

Operations in the open category must be conductedwith a drone:

  • bearing a C0 to C4 class identification label, or;
  • being privately built (built for your own use), or;
  • even without class identification label, but only if placed on the market before 31 December 2023.

Drones bearing a class identification label can be already utilised in accordance with the conditions shown in the menus below. Be aware that ‘privately built’ means that you built the drone for your own personal use,so it was not purchased; it does not refer to UASs assembled from sets of parts placed on the market as a single, ready-to-assemble kit.

How to operate drones in the open category

  • Privately built and drones placed on the marketbefore 01/01/2024 (under 250 g)

    SubcategoryA1 (can also fly in subcategory A3)
    Operational restrictions
    • May fly over uninvolved people (should be avoided when possible)
    • No flight over assemblies of people
    Drone operator registrationNo, unless camera / sensor on boardanda drone is not a toy
    Remote pilot competenceNo training required
    Remote pilot minimum ageNo minimum age
  • C0 (under 250 g)

    SubcategoryA1 (can also fly in subcategory A3)
    Operational restrictions
    • No flight over assemblies of people;
    • Maintain flight altitude below 120m above ground level.
    Drone operator registrationNo, unless camera / sensor on boardanda drone is not a toy
    Remote pilot competenceRead carefully the user manual
    Remote pilot minimum age16*, no minimum age if drone is a toy
  • C1 (under 900 g)

    SubcategoryA1 (can also fly in subcategory A3)
    Operational restrictions
    • No flight expected over uninvolved people (if it happens, overflight should be minimised);
    • No flight over assemblies of people;
    • Maintain flight altitude below 120m above ground level.
    Drone operator registrationYes
    Remote pilot competence
    • Read carefully the user manual
    • Obtain a ‘Proof of completion for online training’ for A1/A3 ‘open’ subcategory by:
      • Completing the online training
      • Passing the online theoretical exam
    Remote pilot minimum age16*
  • C2 (under 4 kg)

    SubcategoryA2 (can also fly in subcategory A3)
    Operational restrictions
    • Must not overfly uninvolved people;
    • Maintain a horizontal distance of 30 m from uninvolved people (can be reduced to 5 m if the low-speed function is activated);
    • Maintain flight altitude below 120m above ground level.
    Drone operator registrationYes
    Remote pilot competence
    • Read carefully the user manual
    • Obtain a ’Remote pilot certificate of competency’ for A2 ‘open’ subcategory by:
      • Having a ‘Proof of completion for online training’ for A1/A3 ‘open’ subcategory
      • Conducting and declare a practical self- training
      • Passing an additional theoretical exam at the NAA or proctored online
    Remote pilot minimum age16*
  • C3 (under 25 kg)

    SubcategoryA3
    Operational restrictions
    • Must not overfly uninvolved people;
    • Maintain a horizontal distance of 150 m from uninvolved people and urban areas;
    • Maintain flight altitude below 120m above ground level.
    Drone operator registrationYes
    Remote pilot competence
    • Read carefully the user manual
    • Obtain a ‘Proof of completion for online training’ for A1/A3 ‘open’ subcategory by:
      • Completing the online training
      • Passing the online theoretical exam
    Remote pilot minimum age16*
  • C4 (under 25 kg)

    SubcategoryA3
    Operational restrictions
    • Must not overfly uninvolved people;
    • Maintain a horizontal distance of 150 m from uninvolved people and urban areas;
    • Maintain flight altitude below 120m above ground level.
    Drone operator registrationYes
    Remote pilot competence
    • Read carefully the user manual
    • Obtain a ‘Proof of completion for online training’ for A1/A3 ‘open’ subcategory by:
      • Completing the online training
      • Passing the online theoretical exam
    Remote pilot minimum age16*
  • Privately built and drones placed on the market before 01/01/2024 (under 25 kg)

    SubcategoryA3
    Operational restrictions
    • Must not overfly uninvolved people;
    • Maintain a horizontal distance of 150 m from uninvolved people and urban areas;
    • Maintain flight altitude below 120m above ground level.
    Drone operator registrationYes
    Remote pilot competence
    • Read carefully the user manual
    • Obtain a ‘Proof of completion for online training’ for A1/A3 ‘open’ subcategory by:
      • Completing the online training
      • Passing the online theoretical exam
    Remote pilot minimum age16*

‘Open’ category using drones with a class identification label

* A State may lower the remote pilot minimum age to 12. In that case, the lowered age limit will apply only in that State.

You are invited to consult the Provisions applicable to both ‘open’ and ‘specific’ category FAQs as well as Understanding the ‘open’ category FAQs for more details. These FAQs take you through all the steps you need to take to be fully compliant and help you identify the regulations that are applicable to the drone operations you intend to conduct.

For all our amateur drone pilots, Paul and his new drone Donnie will help you see how easy it is to become a safe and responsible drone pilot.

Remote identification

All drones operating in the open category (with limited exceptions) need to be equipped with a remote identification system. Some companies have already placed on the market modules providing a direct remote identification system, providing the ‘EU Declaration of Conformity’ and you can find a list below. Please be aware that EASA did not verify the compliance of such components and the declaration of conformity is submitted under the sole responsibility of the manufacturer.

EU Declaration of Conformity list

Manufacturer

Name of the module

Function

Website link

EU Declaration of Conformity

AerobitsidMEDirect remote identificationidME (Remote ID)MoC_eu_idme.pdf (aerobits.pl)
AerobitsidME+Direct remote identificationidME+ (Remote ID)MoC_eu_idmeplus.pdf (aerobits.pl)
AerobitsidME ProDirect remote identification

idME PRO (Remote ID)

MoC_eu_idmepro.pdf (aerobits.pl)
AirPlateAirPlate Remote ID ProDirect remote identificationAirPlate Remote ID ProEU Declaration of Conformity (airplate.dk)
BluemarkDB120Direct remote identificationDroneBeacon Battery - Remote ID transponderEU Declaration of Compliance (dronescout.co)
BluemarkDB121Direct remote identificationDroneBeacon db121 Remote ID transponderEU Declaration of Compliance (dronescout.co)
BluemarkDB121pcbDirect remote identificationDroneBeacon db121 Remote ID transponderEU Declaration of Compliance (dronescout.co)
BluemarkDB121fpvDirect remote identificationDroneBeacon FVP - Remote ID transponderEU Declaration of Compliance (dronescout.co)
DronaviaFly ID
Fly ID
Fly ID light
Direct remote identificationDirect Remote ID (DRI)EU Declaration of Conformity (dronavia.com)
Drone DefenceAeropingDirect remote identificationAeroping | Drone Defence | Air traffic monitoring platformEU-Declaration-of-Conformity-AeroPing.pdf (dronedefence.co.uk)
DronetagBSDirect remote identificationDronetag BS – Bare minimum for Remote IDEU Declaration of Conformity
DronetagBeaconDirect remote identificationDronetag BeaconEU Declaration of Conformity
DronetagMiniDirect remote identificationDronetag MiniEU Declaration of Conformity
FLARMATOM UAVDirect remote identificationAtom UAVDeclaration of Compliance
FLARMAuroraDirect remote identificationAuroraDeclaration of Compliance
ItaldronItaldron Remote ITDirect remote identificationSales professional drones and UAV - ItaldronEU Declaration of Compliance

PrimeCor

PrimeCor Tracker

Direct remote identification

PrimeCor Tracker

EU Declaration of Conformity (primecorsys.com)

Zing Drone Solutions

Z-RIDLITE

Direct remote identification

Zingdrones

EU Declaration of Conformity

Downloads

[pdf]

Guidelines for UAS operations in the open and specific categories

[external]

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Open Category - Low Risk - Civil Drones | EASA (2024)
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